CARDIOVASCULAR DISORDERS Symptoms/Risk factors/Treatment
Diseases that affect the heart or blood vessels known cardiovascular disease. These diseases have similar motives, mechanisms and methods of treatment..
These diseases have similar motives, mechanisms and methods of treatment.
Risk factors that lead to cardiovascular disorders include old age disease as diabetes, high levels of low-density lipids (such as cholesterol)
And triglycerides in the blood, smoking, high blood pressure (hypertension), obesity, and a sedentary lifestyle.
ATHEROSCLEROSIS AND ARTERIOSCLEROSIS:
Atherosclerosis and atherosclerosis are diseases of the arteries. These diseases lead to heart disease. Atherosclerosis commonly known as “narrowing” of the arteries. It is a chronic condition in which fat, cholesterol, or fibrin accumulates in the arteries. When this condition is severe but arteries can no longer expand and contract properly. The blood has difficulty passing through them. The accumulation of cholesterol is a major factor in the development of atherosclerosis. This leads to the formation of multiple deposits, called plaques, inside the arteries. The plaque can form blood clots inside the arteries. If a blood clot breaks off and floats freely, it calls an embolus.
The term “myocardial infarction” comes from the words “myocardium” (heart muscle) and “infarction” (tissue death).
This happens when the blood supply to part of the heart cut off and causes the heart muscles to die. A heart attack can cause by a blood clot in the coronary arteries. It is a medical emergency and the leading cause of death for both men and women around the world.
SYMPTOMS OF HEART ATTACK:
Severe chest pain is the most common symptom of myocardial infarction and can manifest as a feeling of tightness, pressure, or tightness. The pain most often radiates to the left arm, but can also spread to the lower jaw, neck, right arm, and back. Loss of consciousness and even sudden death can occur with a heart attack.
Immediate treatment for suspected acute myocardial infarction includes oxygen, aspirin, and a sublingual glycerol triturate tablet. In most cases, myocardial infarction is treated with angioplasty (mechanical expansion of a narrow or blocked blood vessel) or bypass surgery (surgery in which arteries or veins from other parts of the patient’s body are transplanted into the arteries coronary arteries to improve blood supply to the heart muscles).
ATHEROSCLEROSIS RESULTINGIN MYOC ARDIAL INFRACTION.
About a quarter of all myocardial infractions are asymptomatic, that is without chest pain or other symptoms. Silent infarction is more common in the elderly, in patients with diabetes mellitus, and after heart transplantation..
Angina pectoris means chest pain. This is not true heavy, like a heart attack. Pain can occur in heart and often in the left arm and shoulder. that Warning sign of blood supply to the heart muscle not enough, but not enough to cause tissue death.
ZAINAB ABBAS is an onboard medical student and a content writer. She has extra-ordinary knowledge and skills that fills up her profile. She is currently a CEO at Bonburn.
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